The alveolar ridge of the jaw is the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth. When a tooth is extracted or lost, an empty socket is left behind in the alveolar ridge bone. It usually is able to heal on its own, filling in with bone and tissue, but sometimes, the bone surrounding the socket breaks, and it is unable to. Because the bone is no longer being stimulated from the tooth roots, it begins to deteriorate, losing the previous height and width of the socket. Bone loss in the jaw can lead to a dysfunctional jaw and a prematurely aged appearance. Fortunately, Kay's Dental clinic provides a procedure called a Ridge Augmentation to help solve these issues in Kampala Uganda.
A ridge augmentation is a type of oral and maxillofacial surgery performed after a tooth has been lost to help recreate the natural contour of the gums and jaw that may have been lost.
It is not medically necessary to rebuild the original height and width of the alveolar ridge, but it may be required if dental implants will be placed, as they require sufficient bone to support their structure. Ridge augmentation can help rebuild this bone. It is also a beneficial procedure to restore aesthetics to the face, as bone loss can create a sunken facial appearance, and improve the function of the jaw.
To complete a ridge augmentation procedure, bone graft material (from another part of the body or from a donor) is placed in the tooth socket. This is often done immediately after the tooth is removed to avoid the need for a second procedure at a later date. The gum tissue is then placed over the socket and secured with sutures. A space-maintaining product may be placed over the top of the graft to further help restore height and width to the space. Once the socket has healed completely, the alveolar ridge can be prepared for dental implant placement.
To ensure the comfort of the patient during the procedure, local anesthesia is used. Additional sedation options, such as medication, can also be provided.